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                  核心素養下信息技術與初中語文教學整合實踐

                  職稱驛站所屬分類:教育學論文發布時間:2019-06-15 10:28:00瀏覽:1

                  在核心素養下信息技術與初中語文教學的整合實踐主要有三種:第一是構建網絡信息交流與溝通平臺,通過網絡信息平臺來打通師生之間課內課外的雙向聯系,實現語文教學的實踐創新;第二是合理運用網絡資源,以探究式學習方式的導入來深化初中語文教學,培養學會學習核心素養;第三是善用多媒體技術手段,把科學精神培養與初中語文教學的引導進行深度融合。

                     在核心素養下信息技術與初中語文教學的整合實踐主要有三種:第一是構建網絡信息交流與溝通平臺,通過網絡信息平臺來打通師生之間課內課外的雙向聯系,實現語文教學的實踐創新;第二是合理運用網絡資源,以探究式學習方式的導入來深化初中語文教學,培養學會學習核心素養;第三是善用多媒體技術手段,把科學精神培養與初中語文教學的引導進行深度融合。

                  當代教育家

                    《當代教育家》(月刊)是國家新聞出版總署批準創辦的中國第一本高端教育人物雜志,2012年創刊,擁有國際刊號(ISSN 2095-35)和國內統一刊號(CN37-1488/G4),國際開本,全彩印刷。

                    隨著新一輪課程改革的深入,核心素養、信息技術與學科教學的結合越來越緊密,初中語文教學也不例外。在核心素養下,信息技術與初中語文教學整合有了新的內容與形式,這主要體現為網絡信息平臺的構建、網絡信息資源的運用、多媒體信息技術的使用等與初中語文教學的整合。而在這一整合過程中,初中語文教學對學生實踐創新、學會學習及科學精神等核心素養有了培養的載體,能更有效地結合起來。

                    一、構建網絡信息平臺,以實踐創新培養來整合初中語文教學。

                    信息技術與初中語文教學實踐的整合,最重要也是最關鍵在于打通課內課外的聯系,使課堂教學更好地向課外延伸,從而培養學生探究式學習方式與實踐創新素養。一方面,信息技術在網絡支持下實現了課內課外的無縫對接,學生可以通過網絡及時與語文教師聯系;另一方面,語文教師可以通過網絡信息平臺,將語文深度學習變成課外的引導,激發學生探究學習的興趣。通過構建網絡信息平臺,不僅信息技術有助于初中語文教學的延伸與整合,而且師生教學互動也具備了實時性的特點,當然有時教師也可能不能實時回復。

                    筆者以微信公眾號的構建為例,筆者首先把微信公眾號發到班級群與家長群,讓學生與家長關注,并說明了微信公眾號的用途。然后筆者開始將整個語文教學相關的資源上傳到公眾號中,特別是對教學重點、教學難點、教學資源的鏈接、教學延伸等都上傳到公眾號。學生可以通過留言功能進行評論、提問等,而筆者會選擇一些典型的問題進行回答,并發布出來。再次,筆者在微信公眾號中也留有自己微信號,方便學生對個別問題進行咨詢。最后,筆者還會將每一次教學的教學后記與公眾號收集的相關問題進行整理,形成教學回顧進行上傳。這樣一來,不僅啟發了學生對教學進行反思與創新,而且也有助于他們回顧整個教學環節,實現了信息技術與初中語文教學的有效整合。

                    二、合理引入網絡資源,以學會學習培養來整合初中語文教學。

                    構建網絡信息平臺只是信息技術與初中語文教學整合的一方面,合理將網絡資源引導到教學過程中,則是從形式到內容豐富了初中語文的教學。從形式上來看,網絡資源的引入,不僅意味著教學方式更加多樣化,而且將師生雙向交流的教學變成了教師、學生與網絡媒體的多向交流,有助于學生從中吸收養分。從內容上來看,網絡資源的引入,打破了語文教師一家之言的表演,語文課堂演變成多元文化碰撞的舞臺,有助于學生進行思辨并拓展思路。

                    以人教版七年級中《木蘭詩》為例,由于初一學生盡管對花木蘭這一形象有一定的了解,但筆者通過把英國版動畫片與國產花木蘭電影,同時播放一些經典片段進行對比的時候,學生們就能更全面掌握不同文化視角下的文學解讀區別。這種區別有助于學生從外域視角與本土視角雙向去探究課文,并逐步形成自己的觀點與看法。這一過程就是學生探究式學習的過程,也是學生學會學習素養的培養過程。因此,合理引入網絡資源,不單純是為了更好地補充素材或材料,而是可以讓學生自己找到學習的切入口開展探究式學習,從而實現信息技術與初中語文教學的整合。

                    三、善用網絡媒體技術,以科學精神培養來整合初中語文教學。

                    信息技術與初中語文教學的整合,當然不可能少了多媒體課件的完善與加工。換言之,善于運用多媒體技術,使多種信息技術工具進行交叉混合使用,對初中語文教學也是一種變相的整合。由于多媒體課件的制作與設計,都是教學設計是一致的,那么在制定與完善過程中,這種邏輯就必須是符合信息技術與語文教學的雙重要求。而這本質上就是以科學精神來規劃多媒體課件的制作與完善,體現信息技術理工類的科學精神與語文人文精神的結合。因此,從某種意義上來說,善用多媒體技術手段是科學精神與初中語文教學的深度融合,體現出人文學科中科學精神素養培養的必要性。

                    在初中語文多媒體課件制作與完善過程中,PPT幻燈片、FLASH動畫、Photoshop軟件等都是較常用的工具,也是制作較好多媒體課件的必備工具,而seewo白板更是提高學生課堂參與度的重要手段。初中語文教學要與信息技術進行深度融合,就是要將這種信息技術手段的科學精神與之整合,形成有效的多媒體敘述邏輯,并以人文性的語言進行敘述。而這個過程就是一個較好的課堂教學過程,語文教師只有充分將科學精神、信息技術與語文教學進行有效解讀,才能稱之為高效課堂。

                    綜上所述,核心素養下信息技術與初中語文教學整合,其關鍵是語文教學信息融入核心素養后進行信息化編譯的過程,其應包括網絡信息平臺的構建、網絡信息資源的利用、網絡信息技術的使用等環節。

                    參考文獻:

                    [1]徐加祥.信息技術與初中語文閱讀教學整合的探討[J].中華少年,2018(01):148.

                    [2]李慶均.初中語文教學與信息技術的有效整合[J].中學教學參考,2017(12):33.

                  《核心素養下信息技術與初中語文教學整合實踐》
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